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Indoor plumbing has been around for a long time, and the materials used for the

pipes have gone through many changes. For decades, metal and ceramic were the most

common pipe materials. Many homes today still have galvanized steel, clay, or even cast

iron piping. Starting in the 1970s, copper replaced galvanized steel and is today the

most common metal used in plumbing systems.

Plastic pipes, however, have an

important part in plumbing. Various types of plastic water and sewage pipes are easier

to work with when compared to copper. The first use of plastic pipes was in the 1930s,

and with the 1960s they rose in popularity among plumbers thanks to advances in plastic

manufacturing that made these pipes more useful in general.

There's no single type of plastic used to manufacture pipes. For years, a gray

plastic called polybutylene was common for plumbing systems, but it's no longer

used because it splits and creates leaks. If you have old polybutylene pipes in your

house, we strongly recommend you arrange to have it replaced with a newer type of

plastic pipe. Here are the three types of plastic water pipes that are commonly used by

plumbers today:

POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (PVC Pipe)

This is the material you're probably most familiar with, and it serves a number

of roles in a household aside from in the plumbing. Most main water lines are made of

PVC. It's not as flexible as some other types of plastic, and because it warps at

high temperatures (hotter than 140°F) it isn't used for hot water lines or in

kitchen applications. This type of plastic water pipe will not corrode and features a

low heat conductivity.

CHLORINATED POLYVINYL CHLORIDE (CPVC Pipe)

This is PVC piping that's gone through chlorination (treatment with chlorine).

CPVC is more durable at higher temperatures and pressures than PVC and is common in

industrial plumbing. For homes, it's great for carrying drinking water and handling

the hot water lines for which PVC is unsuited. CPVC is more flexible as well. However,

it cracks if it freezes, so CPVC isn't useful for water mains because those pipes

must be buried in the ground.

CROSS-LINKED POLYETHYLENE (PEX

Pipe
)

Plumbers often use PEX in home plumbing systems thanks to its many advantages. This

type of plastic water pipe is useful for both hot and cold water applications, and is

the favorite pipe found carrying freshwater in kitchens and bathrooms. PEX is very

flexible, so it fits into most spaces and is inexpensive and easy to work with. It

comes in different colors, making it easy for plumbers to identify hot and cold lines

for future work. They do need to have support, however, because of their flexibility.

Except for the three types above, there are other types of pipes with different

materials such as PPR Pipe,

HDPE Pipe,

PPH Pipe, etc.

A professional plumber knows the right types of pipes, whether metal or plastic, to

use for water line repairs, replacements, and upgrades. Also, the pipes need Pipe

fittings to connect the pipes together and allow you to customize your plumbing to suit

your needs. There are lots of different kinds of

Plastic Fittings with multiple

different purposes, such as the drainage of rainwater. Plastic Fitting can be devided

into different types as well, such as PPR Fitting, CPVC Fitting, HDPE Fitting and so on.